Asian art

Mahayana Buddhism

Mahayana Buddhism

Mahayana tradition is one of the three mazor branches of Buddhism in the world. It is also taken as a term for classification of the philosophy and practice of Buddhism. It literally means the "Great Vehicle" in Sanskrit language. Mahayana Buddhism first emerged in the first century CE as a more liberal, accessible interpretation of Buddhism. The teaching of the Mahayana tradition is also defined by the path of the Bodhisattva seeking the complete verison of enlightenment for the ultimate benefit of all the beings in the universe. Also called "Boddhisatvayaa" or the vehicle of Bodhisattva, Mahayana tradition is the largest tradition of Buddhism today with 56% of Buddhist followers and practitioners following this tradition. A bodhisattva who has attained and accomplished the goal of attaining the enlightenment through Mahayana Buddhism is known as Samyaksambuddha or "fully enlightened Buddha".

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Mahayana ideologies first emerged with the divison of the Buddhist sangha into two schools of thought following the establishment of a council to condemn few practices of some Buddhist monks which did not follow the Vinaya or monk's code of conduct. The erring monks were excommunicated while the remaining monks disputed the rules and certain aspects of the Dharma. The one group who opposed and went against any kind of change whatsoever came to be known as the Theravadins who followed what was believed to be the original teaching of the Buddha as agreed by the first council after the death of the historical Buddha. Similarly, they believed that the original nature of the mind is pure and that it is contaminated when it is stained by passions and defilements. It was from the Mahasanghikas that the Mahayana was to evolve.

Nagarjuna is considered the father of Mahayana and he also founded what is known as the Madhamika philosophy or philosophy of the Middle Path. The earliest textual evidence of "Mahayana" comes from stras originating around the beginning of the Common Era. Early philosophy of Mahayana Buddhism had four major classifications of thought. These thoughts were MadhyamakaYogacaraBuddha Nature and Buddhist logic. The Buddhist logic is considered as the last and the most region philosophy while Madhyamaka and Yogakara were the first two philosophies as there were two main philosophical schools of Mahayana in India who followed these two principles respectively. The teachings of Mahayana Buddhism inspired and encouraged societies and communities to be generous and to give donations to the Buddhist monasteries. Giving these generous donations was considered as a way of earning "religious merits". The doctrines of Prajnaparamita, Yogacara, Buddha nature and Pure Land teachings are still popular in Eastern Asia which has also introduced new philosophies like Zen Buddhism later, while in others they are treated in more traditional manner. The principles of Mahayana Buddhism also consists a rich cosmology and heavenly realms where various Buddhas and Bodhisattvas reside. These realms are also known as Buddha realms. These realms are said to have been resided by the five Dhyani Buddhas. The concepts of the three bodies or trikaya support these points making the Buddha himself as a boundless and spiritual being.

During the course of Mahayana Buddhism's history, the philosophy spread from its home India to various other Asian countries like ChinaJapanBangladeshVietnamKoreaTaiwanNepalSri LankaTibetBhutanMalaysia and Mongolia. The major tradition and teachings of Mahayana Buddhism in the current time include Chinese ChanZenPure Land, Nichiren and Tiantai Buddhism. Mahayana is also considered as closely related with the Vajrayana Buddhist tradition of Tibetan Buddhism which add more mysticism and profound teachings to the Mahayana Tradition. This is clearly seen in the Buddha statues and Buddhist artifacts from Tibet which depicts the Buddha and other monks having various supernatural powers.

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Large antique wooden Mandalay Buddha statue

Large antique wooden Mandalay Buddha statue

1,250 euro
Antique Thai bronze Rattanakosin Buddha

Antique Thai bronze Rattanakosin Buddha

300 euro
High quality Nepali bronze Buddha statue

High quality Nepali bronze Buddha statue

1,300 euro
Special antique bronze Shan Buddha

Special antique bronze Shan Buddha

Antique bronze Thai Buddha statue

Antique bronze Thai Buddha statue

950 euro
Antique bronze Thai Rattanakosin Buddha

Antique bronze Thai Rattanakosin Buddha

275 euro
Antique wooden Burmese Buddha statue

Antique wooden Burmese Buddha statue

700 euro
Antique bronze Mandalay Buddha statue

Antique bronze Mandalay Buddha statue

850 euro
Old bronze Nepali Medicine Buddha statue

Old bronze Nepali Medicine Buddha statue

1,550 euro
Antique wooden Burmese Buddha statue

Antique wooden Burmese Buddha statue

1,750 euro
Early antique Burmese Buddha statue

Early antique Burmese Buddha statue

5,500 euro
Special large bronze Buddha statue

Special large bronze Buddha statue

15,500 euro
Antique Burmese Buddha statue

Antique Burmese Buddha statue

125 euro
Antique wooden Burmese Buddha statue

Antique wooden Burmese Buddha statue

1,850 euro
Large old teakwooden Buddha statue

Large old teakwooden Buddha statue

3,250 euro
Antique Burmese Mandalay Buddha statue

Antique Burmese Mandalay Buddha statue

300 euro
New bronze Nepali Buddha statue

New bronze Nepali Buddha statue

900 euro
Large old wooden Burmese Buddha

Large old wooden Burmese Buddha

1,950 euro
Old bronze Nepali Medicine Buddha

Old bronze Nepali Medicine Buddha

275 euro
Antique wooden Burmese Shan Buddha

Antique wooden Burmese Shan Buddha

1,550 euro
Antique wooden Laos Buddha statue

Antique wooden Laos Buddha statue

450 euro
Large old lacquerware Buddha statues

Large old lacquerware Buddha statues

2,750 euro
Special antique bronze Lao Buddha statue

Special antique bronze Lao Buddha statue

6,500 euro
Old bronze Nepali Aparmita Buddha statue

Old bronze Nepali Aparmita Buddha statue

4,750 euro
Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

275 euro
Antique wooden Burmese Shan Buddha

Antique wooden Burmese Shan Buddha

150 euro
Antique wooden Laos Buddha statue

Antique wooden Laos Buddha statue

550 euro
Antique bronze Burmese Ava Buddha statue

Antique bronze Burmese Ava Buddha statue

2,250 euro
Special antique Japanese Amida Buddha statue

Special antique Japanese Amida Buddha statue

12,500 euro
Antique Thai Lanna Buddha statue

Antique Thai Lanna Buddha statue

1,750 euro
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