Asian art

Buddhist Deities

Buddhist Deities

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Buddhist Deities are the divine beings that are worshipped in various ritual and popular contexts by Buddhist. Earlier they were mainly enlightened Buddhas and Indian deities but as Buddhism was spread to other areas and country, other Asian spirits and local gods were also included in the Buddhist Deities. For example, Saraswoti, a Hindu Deva is considered to be Bodhisattvas by many Japanese Buddhists. Hence, the Buddhist Deities includes Buddhas, Bodhisattvas, Yidam, Devas, and Yaksha.

Buddhist Deities: Buddhas

Various branch of Buddhism has varied views regarding the Buddha. In Theravada Buddhism, the historical Buddha Sakyamuni is the only Buddha of our current era. However, there is a list of acknowledged past Buddhas.

In Mahayana Buddhism, there are several Buddhas apart from the historical Buddha Sakyamuni. They believe that all the fully awakened being are the Buddhas.

In Vajrayana Buddhism, there are primarily five Buddhas- VairocanaAkshobhyaRatnasambhavaAmitabha, and Amoghasiddhi. Each of these Buddhas is associated with a different consort, direction, aggregate, emotion, element, color, symbol, and mount. Apart from these Buddhas, Medicine Buddha and Nageshvara Raja are also Buddhas in Vajrayana tradition. There are also female Buddhas that are venerated. They are Tara, Vajrayogini, Nairatmya, and Kurukulla. Vajrayana tradition also views the Adhi-Buddha, the first-Buddha to attain Buddhahood.

Buddhist Deities: Bodhisattvas

Bodhisattva is any being that has aroused bodhicitta and is working towards attaining full enlightenment and Buddhahood. Mahayana and Vajrayana traditions venerate Bodhisattvas while Theravadan doesn't. The most venerated Bodhisattva is Avalokiteshvara while the female Bodhisattvas is Prajnaparamita.

There are mainly eight Bodhisattvas in Vajrayana Buddhism. They are - Ksitigarbha, Vajrapani, Akasagarbha, Avalokitesvara, Maitreya, Nivaranaviskhambhin,Samantabhadra, Manjushri.

Apart from these Candraprabha, Suryaprabha, Vajrasattva is also considered Bodhisattvas.

Buddhists Deities: Yidam

The Yidam or Ishta-devata is a personal meditation deity. Even though the term Ishta-devata is used in many popular books on Buddhist Tantra, this term has not been attested in any Buddhist tantric text in Sanskrit. It is believed that the Tibetan version of the term, Yidam is said to be a contraction of Tib. Yid-Kyi-dam-tshing is the state of being indestructibly bonded with the inherently pure and liberated nature of mind.

Devas

Devas are the divine beings. They have very long lives and experience much less suffering than humans. But they are not immortal or immune from suffering. There are devas which do not have a physical form. The devas venerated by Buddhists are Brahma, Sarasvati, Laksmi, Sakra, Harati, Patiini, Saman and Ganesha.

Yaksha

The Yaksha is the nature spirits, usually benevolent. They are caretakers of the natural treasures hidden in the earth and tree roots. They were first worshipped in India even before the Vedic period. First, they were adopted by the Hinduism and later on by Buddhism. In Buddhism, it is believed that they reside deep within the Earth under the Himalayas where they guard the wealth of the Earth. For Hinduism and Buddhism, The Yaksha is ruled over by Kubera, the Lord of wealth.

Nats

In Burma, there exists the popular worship of nature spirits called Nats which are worshiped alongside Buddhism. The Burmese spirit world has thirty-seven nats. Most of these are spirits of those who have died a violent death. Most of them are appeased out of fear. These spirits are capable of punishing but this doesn’t mean that the spirit does not reward the people. The people who have given up the animistic worship, when experience a spell of bad luck, the astrologers can make them revert back to their traditional worship to appease spirits who still want their offerings. Hence, there are shrines for them and the locals offer these shrine frequently.

Note: FYI, we also manage and sale huge collection of various period and regional Buddhist arts- Buddha statues, Buddha artifacts, etc. Please feel free to visit our online Buddha statues gallery to know more about the Buddha statues.

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View our collection of Antique Buddha Statues from Asian Countries

Old bronze Nepali crowned Buddha

Old bronze Nepali crowned Buddha

300 euro
Antique marble Mandalay Buddha

Antique marble Mandalay Buddha

1,600 euro
Antique bronze Thai Rattanakosin Buddha

Antique bronze Thai Rattanakosin Buddha

900 euro
Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

750 euro
Bronze Nepali Medicine Buddha

Bronze Nepali Medicine Buddha

200 euro
Very special museum quality Alabaster Buddha

Very special museum quality Alabaster Buddha

18,500 euro
Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

275 euro
Antique bronze Mandalay Buddha statue

Antique bronze Mandalay Buddha statue

2,250 euro
Antique wooden Burmese Buddha statue

Antique wooden Burmese Buddha statue

300 euro
Antique bronze Thai Rattanakosin Buddha

Antique bronze Thai Rattanakosin Buddha

300 euro
Antique wooden Burmese Mandalay Buddha

Antique wooden Burmese Mandalay Buddha

1,850 euro
Old bronze Nepali Medicine Buddha statue

Old bronze Nepali Medicine Buddha statue

300 euro
Antique bronze Thai Buddha statue

Antique bronze Thai Buddha statue

1,450 euro
Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

500 euro
14th century bronze Thai U-Thong Buddha

14th century bronze Thai U-Thong Buddha

3,500 euro
Antique wooden Burmese Shan Buddha

Antique wooden Burmese Shan Buddha

400 euro
Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

500 euro
Large antique wooden Mandalay Buddha

Large antique wooden Mandalay Buddha

3,500 euro
Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

1,550 euro
Special antique bronze Burmese Buddha statue

Special antique bronze Burmese Buddha statue

5,250 euro
Special large antique Mandalay Buddha statue

Special large antique Mandalay Buddha statue

11,500 euro
Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

750 euro
Antique Thai Rattanakosin Buddha

Antique Thai Rattanakosin Buddha

300 euro
Antique bronze Thai Rattanakosin Buddha

Antique bronze Thai Rattanakosin Buddha

900 euro
Old Burmese Mandalay Buddha statue

Old Burmese Mandalay Buddha statue

1,850 euro
Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

300 euro
Antique bronze Burmese Buddha statue

Antique bronze Burmese Buddha statue

2,750 euro
Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

600 euro
Antique bronze Thai Lanna Buddha statue

Antique bronze Thai Lanna Buddha statue

3,750 euro
Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

1,250 euro
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